Fink

Fink 项目希望把 Unix 上各种开放源码软件带到 DarwinMac OS X 平台上。 我们通过修改 Unix 软件使得它可以在 Mac OS X 上编译和运行(“移植”),并提供一个方便的分发系统使得每个人都可以下载和使用它。 Fink 使用 Debian 中的象 dpkg 和 apt-get 等工具来提供强大的二进制软件包管理。 你可以随意选择是下载预编译好的二进制安装包或从源代码自己构建一切。 阅读更多信息…

 新闻

2019-10-27: Further 10.15 (Catalina) and Xcode11 upgrade details-

If upgrading to macOS 10.15 (Catalina) from an earlier macOS release, your existing Fink install will cease to work if installed outside /opt (such as to the previous default /sw) and must be reinstalled from scratch using Fink release 0.45.0 or later.

The old Fink install is archived into /Users/Shared/Relocated Items. It's possible to manually recover downloaded source archives and configuration files from there to use in a new Fink install. However, it's not possible to reuse built .deb packages because they hardcode the original path that contained Fink.

Upgrade and installation hints if existing Fink install is outside /opt:

  • If doing a fresh Fink install on any macOS version, install Fink into /opt/sw.
  • If you haven't yet updated to macOS 10.15, run this command to capture the list of your currently installed packages: for i in `/bin/ls -1 /sw/var/lib/dpkg/info/*.list`; do basename -s .list $i >> ~/my_fink_packages.txt; done.
  • If you have already updated to macOS 10.15 but had Fink installed somewhere outside /opt before your system upgrade, use the above command (with modified path to the "Relocated Items" location as necessary) to capture the packages you previously had installed on your older macOS release. For example: for i in `/bin/ls -1 "/Users/Shared/Relocated Items/sw/var/lib/dpkg/info/"*.list`; do basename -s .list $i >> ~/my_fink_packages.txt; done
  • Once you have captured your list of previous packages, upgraded to macOS 10.15, and installed Fink into /opt, run the following command to batch build and reinstall your previous Fink packages: cat ~/my_fink_packages.txt | xargs fink reinstall. Note that some packages do not exist on macOS 10.15, so you might need to hand edit the file my_fink_packages.txt to remove the missing packages before trying to reinstall.
2019-10-02: 10.15 (Catalina) and Xcode11 information-

Fink 0.45.0 and up support the upcoming 10.15 release, but there are some important things to note:

  • Apple locked down the / (root) directory where Fink normally installs (in /sw by default), so existing Fink installs may become read-only upon updating to 10.15.
  • Xcode11 introduces some known breakages (with no known fixes at this time) to important packages like gcc, so not everything will build yet.

Once macOS 10.15 is officially released, we suggest waiting to upgrade until we know how the system will treat existing installs and we can determine the best upgrade path.

For anyone installing Fink for the first time (on 10.15beta or an earlier macOS version), we now recommend using /opt/sw as the install location, since that's known to work. The next Fink release after macOS 10.15 is out will use /opt/sw as the default install location.

Xcode11 is known to currently break building the gccX and several other important packages. If possible (especially 10.14 users), hold off on upgrading to Xcode11 unless you need something specific from it. If you do upgrade to Xcode11, make sure that the Command Line Tools are also upgraded to version 11 for your macOS release.

2019-08-05: fink-0.45.0 released-

The Fink Project has released fink-0.45.0. This release provides support for macOS 10.14.5 and up, including preliminary support for macOS 10.15beta. This release also provides full support for .app bundles in APFS volumes.

If your system is still on macOS 10.14.4 or earlier:

  1. In a terminal window, run fink selfupdate and install fink-0.45.0.
  2. Update to the latest version of Mojave.
  3. In a terminal window, run fink reinstall fink.

If you have already updated to macOS 10.14.5:

  1. In a terminal window, run fink selfupdate and install fink-0.45.0.
   

 Recent Package Updates

2019-11-21: telnet-60-1 (Port of NetBSD remote client)
2019-11-20: libavcodec58-4.0-shlibs-4.2.1-2 (Audio/video encoders and decoders libraries)
2019-11-20: libavcodec57-3.0-shlibs-3.4.6-2 (Audio/video encoders and decoders libraries)
2019-11-20: libavcodec56-2.4-shlibs-2.8.15-2 (Audio/video encoders and decoders libraries)
2019-11-20: gmic-1.6.0.4-3 (GREYC's Magic Image Converter)
2019-11-19: adonthell-0.3.5-2 (Open Source RPG Engine)
2019-11-19: wastesedge-0.3.5-2 (Open Source RPG)
2019-11-18: netcdf-c15-4.7.2-1 (Array-based data access, C headers and docs)
2019-11-18: netcdf-fortran7-4.4.5-3 (Array-based data access, Fortran headers/doc)
2019-11-18: lapack360-shlibs-3.6.0-5 (Reference L_APACK and BLAS libraries)
2019-11-18: lapack371-shlibs-3.7.1-3 (Reference L_APACK and BLAS libraries)
2019-11-18: lapack350-shlibs-3.5.0-9 (Reference L_APACK and BLAS libraries)
2019-11-18: lapack380-shlibs-3.8.0-2 (Reference L_APACK and BLAS libraries)
2019-11-18: qt5-mac-qtwebengine-5.7.1-6 (Cross-Platform framework (mac))
2019-11-18: lapack361-shlibs-3.6.1-4 (Reference L_APACK and BLAS libraries)
2019-11-18: postgresql11-11.6-1 (PostgreSQL open-source database)
2019-11-18: postgresql10-10.11-1 (PostgreSQL open-source database)
2019-11-18: postgresql95-9.5.20-1 (PostgreSQL open-source database)
2019-11-18: postgresql94-9.4.25-1 (PostgreSQL open-source database)
2019-11-18: postgresql96-9.6.16-1 (PostgreSQL open-source database)
2019-11-16: netcdf-c13-4.6.2-2 (Array-based data access, C headers and docs)
more...

当前状况

Fink currently supports macOS 10.15 (Catalina), macOS 10.14 (Mojave), macOS 10.13 (High Sierra), macOS 10.12 (Sierra), OS X 10.11 (El Capitan), OS X 10.10 (Yosemite), OS X 10.9 (Mavericks), and continues to run on older versions of OS X, although official updates are no longer available for the older versions. Installation instructions can be found on our source release page.

Xcode must be installed before Fink.

10.15 Support: 10.15 users must install Xcode version 10.3 or later (via a free download from the AppStore, or must at least install the Command Line Tools for Xcode 10.3 (installable via xcode-select --install, or downloadable from Apple).

If you need X11 you should install Xquartz-2.7.11 or later from Xquartz.org.

10.13 and 10.14 Support: 10.13 and 10.14 users must install Xcode version 10.1 or later (via a free download from the AppStore, or must at least install the Command Line Tools for Xcode 10.1 (installable via xcode-select --install, or downloadable from Apple).

If you need X11 you should install Xquartz-2.7.11 or later from Xquartz.org.

10.12 Support: 10.12 users must install Xcode version 8.0 or later (via a free download from the AppStore, or must at least install the Command Line Tools for Xcode 6.0 for Sierra (installable via xcode-select --install, or downloadable from Apple).

If you need X11 you should install Xquartz-2.7.7 or later from macosforge.org.

10.11 Support: 10.11 users must install Xcode version 7.0 or later (via a free download from the AppStore, or must at least install the Command Line Tools for Xcode 7.0 for El Capitan (installable via xcode-select --install, or downloadable from Apple).

If you need X11 you should install Xquartz-2.7.7 or later from macosforge.org.

10.10 Support: 10.10 users must install Xcode version 6.0 or later (via a free download from the AppStore, or must at least install the Command Line Tools for Xcode 6.0 for Yosemite (installable via xcode-select --install, or downloadable from Apple).

If you need X11 you should install Xquartz-2.7.7 or later from macosforge.org.

10.9 Support: 10.9 users must install Xcode version 5.0.1 or later (via a free download from the AppStore; version 5.0.2 is recommended), or must at least install the Command Line Tools for Xcode 5.0 for Mavericks (installable via xcode-select --install, or downloadable from Apple).

If you need X11 you should install Xquartz-2.7.4 or later from macosforge.org.

10.8 Support: 10.8 users must install Xcode version 4.4 or later (via a free download from the AppStore; version 5.0.2 is recommended), or must at least install the Command Line Tools for Xcode 4.4 for Mountain Lion (downloadable from Apple or installable via the Xcode Preferences). Note that if you had an earlier version of Xcode than 4.3 installed prior to updating from 10.7, you need to uninstall the old version first by running /Developer/Library/uninstall-devtools. You can determine your current version of Xcode by running xcodebuild -version .

If you need X11 you should install Xquartz-2.7.2 or later from macosforge.org.

10.7 Support: 10.7 users must install or update Xcode to version 4.1 or later (via a free download from the AppStore), (version 4.6.3 is recommended) or must at least install the Command Line Tools for Xcode 4.3 or later (downloadable from Apple or installable via the Xcode Preferences (4.3 or later). Follow the instructions in the 10.8 section above regarding how to check your version and uninstall an outdated one, if needed.

We don't support Xquartz on 10.7, so don't remove Apple's official X11.

10.6 Support: For best results, 10.6 users are encouraged to upgrade Xcode to version 3.2.6, or to version 4.2.1 if you paid for a 4.x Developer preview. Version 4.0.2 is known to have some bugs in its linker that prevent certain packages from building. Follow the instructions in the 10.8 section above regarding how to check your version and uninstall it, if needed.

We don't support Xquartz on 10.6, so don't remove Apple's official X11.

   

资源

如果你在寻求技术支持的话,请访问 帮助页面。 帮助页面还列有支持本项目的几种方法以及如何提交反馈。

Fink 项目建立于 SourceForge中。 除了提供本网站的主机服务以及下载支持外,SourceForge和GitHub 还为本项目提供下面的资源:

请注意:要使用其中的一些资源(比如,汇报一个软件缺陷或请求一个新的 Fink 软件包),你需要先登录进你的 SourceForge 帐号。如果你现在还没有帐号,你可以在 SourceForge 网站免费注册一个。

Additional resources hosted outside SourceForge include: